Eilene M. Galloway is the woman behind the creation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). A prolific researcher and writer with the Congressional Researcher Service at the Library of Congress, Galloway helped write the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, which created NASA and established the United States' civil space program. She was influential in drafting legislation and treaties, while emphasizing the need for international cooperation and peaceful exploration of space. She also liaised with United States Federal agencies on issues of the peaceful uses of outer space. She worked extensively with the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and helped establish the International Institute of Space Law in 1960.
The Eilene M. Galloway Collection contains more than 13 linear feet of professional and private correspondence, manuscripts and publications, reflecting Galloway's prolific writings during her fifty-two years as a law and space policy specialist.