Galloway Symposium

The Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on Critical Issues in Space Law

The Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on Critical Issues in Space Law (Symposium) has its roots in a 2006 conference and workshop organized by Institute of Air and Space Law (IASL), Faculty of Law, McGill University and International Institute of Space Law (IISL) in cooperation with the Cologne Institute of Air and Space Law, the Leiden International Institute of Air and Space Law and the University of Mississippi National Center for Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law (Center). On June 28 - 30 of that year the Conference and Workshop on the Policy and Law Relating to Outer Space Resources: Examples of the Moon, Mars, and Other Celestial Bodies Workshop (Conference and Workshop) was held.

At the 2-6 October 2006 International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2006) held in Valencia, Spain, the IISL Board of Directors discussed the Conference and Workshop and how it would be continued. At the same IAC, Ms. Marcia Smith, Dr. Jonathan F. Galloway, and Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz, the Center Director, discussed hosting a forum to introduce the Conference and Workshop Proceedings to the United States space law community. A planning committee was formed that consisted of Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz, Ms. Marcia Smith, Dr. Jonathan F. Galloway, Dr. George S. Robinson, and Dr. Eilene M. Galloway. During the planning committee meetings, the Center agreed to host the symposium; the subject matter was selected; the symposium title was conceived by Ms. Smith; and, Dr. Robinson, a member of the Cosmos Club, arranged to have the symposium held there. The Center took the lead on the Washington, DC event and the IISL joined the planning committee through the participation of Ms. Tanja Masson-Zwaan. The Symposium was scheduled for December 11, 2006 during which Dr. Stephen E. Doyle introduced the McGill Conference and Workshop Proceedings. Ms. Tanja Masson-Zwaan, the IISL Secretary, was invited to represent the IISL at the first symposium.

The success of the first symposium was obvious before it was completed. Therefore, the Center set and announced the date for a second symposium during the closing session of the first one. The Center again hosted the second symposium. For the third symposium, the IISL successfully invited Arianespace to co-host. The Center and IISL agreed that they would both publish symposium papers in the Journal of Space Law and the IISL Proceedings. Dr. Eilene M. Galloway was a member of the planning committee for each symposium. Before her passing on May 2, 2009, Dr. E.M. Galloway told Dr. J.F. Galloway and Ms. Marcia Smith that she would like to have the fourth symposium address the peaceful uses of outer space, the subject to which she devoted her professional life. That was, of course, the subject of the 4th Eilene M. Galloway Symposium of Critical Space Law Issues that was held on December 10, 2009.

1st Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on
Critical Issues in Space Law

Cosmos Club, Washington D.C.
December 11, 2006


Materials Available

Agenda (pdf)


Session I

  • Welcome and Introduction: Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz, Director, NCRSASL, Director, IISL Ms. Tanja Masson Zwaan, Secretary, IISL
  • Maintaining Space for "Peaceful Purposes", Dr. Jonathan F. Galloway, Vice President, IISL

Session II

Luncheon Presentation

  • Lunch Speaker, Dr. Stephen Doyle, Honorary Director, IISL Report on the International and Interdisciplinary Workshop on Policy and Law Relating to Outer Space Resources: The Example of the Moon, Mars and Other Celestial Bodies

Session III

  • The Near Earth Orbit (NEO) Protocol, Dr. Rusty Schweickart, Chairman, Association of Space Explorers NEO Committee
  • Space Traffic Management IAA Cosmic Study, Ms. Corinne Contant Jorgenson, President, Advancing Space Consulting Group

2nd Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on
Critical Issues in Space Law

International Civil Space Cooperation:
Obstacles and Opportunities

Cosmos Club, Washington D.C.
December 6, 2007


Materials Available

Agenda (pdf)


Participants at the 2007 Galloway Symposium on Critical Issues in Space Law

Session I: Using Law to Turn Obstacles into Opportunities?

Session II: Serving The Space Agency and Other Space Clients: Achieving Effective International Cooperation Through Legal Advice

  • Mr. Kaoru Arikawa, Deputy Director, JAXA Washington,DC
  • Ms. Robin J. Frank, Senior Counsel, International Law Practice Group, Office of the General Counsel, NASA
  • Dr. Harold M. White, Jr., Executive Vice President, University of West Florida

Luncheon Presentation

Session III: International Perspectives

  • Context and Perspectives for International Cooperation on Commercial and Public Space Programmes - Mr. Steve Bochinger, Director, Institutional Affairs, Euroconsult, Paris, France
  • The Global Exploration Strategy: Developing a Framework For International Coordination and Cooperation Mr. Graham Gibbs, Counsellor, Space Affairs/Canadian Space Agency, Canadian Embassy and Mr. Gilbert R. (Gib) Kirkham, Director, Exploration Systems and Aeronautics Research Division, NASA
  • Survey of Legal Issues That Arise in Bilateral and Mutilateral Negotiation: A United States Perspective - Mr. Mark A. Simonoff, AttorneyAdviser, Office of the Legal Adviser, Office of Oceans, International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, U.S. Department of State

3rd Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on
Critical Issues in Space Law

Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty:
Issues and Implementation

Cosmos Club, Washington D.C.
December 11, 2008

"States Parties to the Treaty shall bear international responsibility for national activities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, whether such activities are carried on by governmental agencies or by non-governmental entities, and for assuring that national activities are carried out in conformity with the provisions set forth in the present Treaty. The activities of non-governmental entities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall require authorization and continuing supervision by the appropriate State Party to the Treaty. When activities are carried on in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, by an international organization, responsibility for compliance with this Treaty shall be borne both by the international organization and by the States Parties to the Treaty participating in such organization."

- Article VI, Outer Space Treaty


Materials Available

Agenda (pdf) | Poster (pdf) | Res Communis Blog Report


The audience at the 2008 Galloway Symposium on Critical Issues in Space Law

Session I: Article VI: The Legal Landscape

Session II: National Implementation of Article VI by Governments

Luncheon Presentation

Session III: Operating a Space Business Under National Laws that Implement Article VI

4th Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on
Critical Issues in Space Law

International Cooperation for Peaceful Purposes

Cosmos Club, Washington D.C.
December 10, 2009

“The dramatic orbiting of Sputnik over all nations on October 4, 1957 raised fears of weapons of mass destruction, but nations responded by organizing with hope for peace. International space cooperation has brought the world 47 years of safety and order to develop benefits for all humankind: profitable global satellite communications systems, new industries from remote sens­ing, economic savings from improved meteorology, advances in agriculture, medicine, and many more applications from knowledge obtained from space. This is a remarkable achievement that we must protect against any influence that could destroy the system of international space cooperation.”

- Eilene Galloway, Journal of Space Law, Vol. 30, No. 2, pg. 311. (2004)


Materials Available

Agenda (pdf) | Poster (pdf) | Res Communis Blog Report


Professor Blount Presenting at the 2009 Galloway Symposium

5th Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on
Critical Issues in Space Law

Art. IX of the Outer Space Treaty and
Peaceful Purposes:Issues and Implementation

Cosmos Club, Washington D.C.
December 2, 2010

In the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, States Parties to the Treaty shall be guided by the principle of cooperation and mutual assistance and shall conduct all their activities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, with due regard to the corresponding interests of all other States Parties to the Treaty. States Parties to the Treaty shall pursue studies of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, and conduct exploration of them so as to avoid their harmful contamination and also adverse changes in the environment of the Earth resulting from the introduction of extraterrestrial matter and, where necessary, shall adopt appropriate measures for this purpose. If a State Party to the Treaty has reason to believe that an activity or experiment planned by it or its nationals in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, would cause potentially harmful interference with activities of other States Parties in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, it shall undertake appropriate international consultation before proceeding with any such activity or experiment. A State Party to the Treaty which has reason to believe that an activity or experiment planned by another State Party in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, would cause potentially harmful interference with activities in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, may request consultation concerning the activity or experiment.

- Article IX


Materials Available

Agenda (pdf) | Poster (pdf)


9:00 - 09:15 Welcome and Introduction

  • Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz, Director, National Center for Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law, Univ. of Mississippi; Director, IISL
  • Tanja Masson-Zwaan, President, IISL, International Institute of Air & Space Law, Leiden University

    (download podcast)

09:15 – 10:00 Art. IX Background | Res Communis Blog Report

  • Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz -- Article IX of the Outer Space Treaty: Context and Considerations | Presentation (pdf)

    (download podcast)

  • Prof. Sergio Marchisio, University Sapienza of Rome, Director Institute for International Legal Studies (National Research Council, Italy) -- Article IX of the Outer Space Treaty: An Overview
  • Patricia Margaret Sterns, Law Offices of Sterns and Tennen, Les Tennen, Law Offices of Sterns and Tennen, Honorary Director IISL, Former Commissioner, Arizona Space Commissioner -- Consideration of Heavenly Matters and the Evolution of Article IX | Presentation (pdf)

    (download podcast)

10:00 - 11:15 Planetary Protection | Res Communis Blog Report

Moderator: Tanja Masson-Zwaan

  • Dr. Catharine Conely, Planetary Protection Officer, NASA and Dr. Gerhard Kminek, Planetary Protection Officer, ESA -- Planetary Protection and Article IX of the Outer Space Treaty | Presentation (pdf) | Paper (pdf)

    (download podcast)

  • Jean-François Mayence, LLM Head of the Legal Unit "International Relations" Belgian Federal Office for Science Policy, Brussels -- Planetary Protection: Towards a Space Environment Law? | Presentation (pdf) | Paper (pdf)

    (download podcast)

  • Dr. George Robinson, Robinson and Robinson, LLC -- Article IX and Extraterrestrial Contamination: Quarantine, the U.S. Constitution, and National Legislation | Paper (pdf)

    (download podcast)

11:30 - 12:45 The Space Environment: Nonbiological Contamination and Other Issues | Res Communis Blog Report

Moderator: Les Tennen, Sterns and Tennen

  • Howard A. Baker, M.E.S., LL.M., D.C.L. Senior Counsel, Department of Justice, Government of Canada -- Environmental Protection in Outer Space: Toward A Protocol to Article IX of the Outer Space Treaty | Presentation (pdf)

    (download podcast)

  • Prof. Frank Lyall, Emeritus Professor of Public Law, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK OST -- Art. IX, Improvements: Cultural and Natural Heritage Elements | Paper (pdf)

    (download podcast)

  • Mark Williamson, Space Technology Consultant, U.K..-- A Pragmatic Approach to the "Harmful Contamination" Concept in Art. IX of the Outer Space Treaty | Presentation (pdf) | Paper (pdf)

    (download podcast)

12:45 - 2:00 Lunch and Presentation | Res Communis Blog Report

  • Marcia Smith, President Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC Past Vice President, IISL -- The 2010 U.S. National Space Policy and Its Potential for Upholding the Principles of the Outer Space Treaty Regime

    (download podcast)

2:00 - 3:15 International Relations and Foreign Affairs | Res Communis Blog Report

Moderator: Dr. Marietta Benkö, Executive Editor, German Journal of Air and Space Law, University of Cologne/Institute of Air and Space Law, Germany

  • Dr. Bin Li, Associate Professor; Asst. Dean; Director, Institute of Space Law; Assoc. Director, Institute of Aviation Law, Beihang University School of Law -- China's Current Legislative Efforts to Control and Manage Space Debris | Presentation (pdf)

    (download podcast)

  • Theresa Hitchens, Director, UN Institute for Disarmament Research, Geneva, Switzerland -- Article IX of the Outer Space Treaty, Data Sharing, and Space Situational Awareness | Presentation (pdf)

    (download podcast)

  • Prof. Sergio Marchisio, University Sapienza of Rome, Director Institute for International Legal Studies (National Research Council, Italy) -- The Principle of No Harmful Interference and the Draft Code of Conduct on Space Activities

    (download podcast)

  • Michael Mineiro, McGill University, Canada -- Principles of Peaceful Purposes and the Obligation to Undertake Appropriate International Consultations Under Art. 9 of the Outer Space Treaty | Presentation (pdf) | Paper (pdf)

    (download podcast)

3:30 - 4:30 Discussion

Moderator: Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz

  • Mr. Arthur M. (Art) Dula CEO, Excalibur Almaz Limited
  • Mr. Sam McDonald, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Legal Advisor
  • Mr. Rafael Moro-Aguilar Head of Legal Affairs, Orbspace Engineering; Member, Delegation of Spain, UNCOPUOS
  • Mr. E. Jason (Jay) Steptoe Associate General Counsel for International Law, NASA General Counsel's Office, Washington, DC

The National Center for Remote Sensing, Air and Space Law
at the University of Mississippi School of Law
The Journal of Space Law
and the
International Institute of Space Law
Present

6th Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on
Critical Issues in Space Law

A Comparative Look at National Space Laws
and Their International Implications

Cosmos Club, Washington D.C.
December 1, 2011
8:30 AM - 4:30 PM


Materials Available

Agenda (pdf) | Report (pdf) by Diane Howard, B.Sc., J.D., LL.M., DCL candidate (McGill University, Montreal)


08:30 - 09:00 Registration and Sign-In

9:00 - 09:15 Welcome and Introduction

  • Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz, Director, National Center for Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law, Univ. of Mississippi; Director, IISL
  • Tanja Masson-Zwaan, President, IISL, International Institute of Air & Space Law, Leiden University

09:15 - 10:15 Belgium, China

  • Jean-François Mayence, Legal Unit "International Relations", Belgian Federal Office for Science Policy, Lecturer University of Leuven - Presentation (pdf)
  • Guoyu Wang, Ph.D., Deputy Dean of Institute of Space Law of Beijing Institute of Technology, Associate Professor of Beijing Institute of Technology School of Law - Presentation (pdf) | - Terminology Chart (pdf)

10:15 - 11:15 France, Germany

11:15 - 11:30 Break

11:30 - 12:30 Japan, Korea

  • Setsuko Aoki, Keio University, Japan - Presentation (pdf)
  • Jae Gon Lee, Dean, Professor of International Law, School of Law at Chungnam National University, Korea - Presentation (pdf)

12:30 - 1:45 Lunch and Presentation TBD

1:45 -3:15 Netherlands, UK, USA

3:15 - 3:30 Break

3:30 - 4:30 Compare and Contrast; International Implications

Moderator: Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz

  • Jonathan Galloway, Lake Forest College (em.) Paper (pdf)
  • Stephen E. Smith, Co-Chair, Space Law Practice Group Sherman & Howard, LLC. Paper (pdf)

The National Center for Remote Sensing, Air and Space Law
at the University of Mississippi School of Law
The Journal of Space Law
and the
International Institute of Space Law
Present

The 7th Eilene M. Galloway Symposium on
Critical Issues in Space Law

Global and Regional Space Organizations and the Law

December 6, 2012
8:30 AM - 4:30 PM
Cosmos Club, Washington D.C.


Materials Available

Agenda (pdf)


08:30 - 09:00 Registration and Sign-In

9:00 - 09:15 Welcome and Introduction

  • Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz, Director, National Center for Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law, Univ. of Mississippi; Director, IISL
  • Asst. Prof. Tanja Masson-Zwaan, President, IISL, International Institute of Air & Space Law, Leiden University (confirmed)
  • Dr. Jonathan F. Galloway, Prof. of Politics, Emeritus, Lake Forest College Summary: Eilene Galloway’s 1965 U.S. Senate Staff Report, "International Cooperation and Organization for Outer Space” - Opening Remarks (pdf)

09:15 - 10:00 Keynote

  • William H. Gerstenmaier, Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations, NASA

10:00 - 11:00 Founding Agreements of Regional and Global Space Organizations

Moderator: Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz

Panelists:

  • The European Space Agency (ESA), Marco Ferrazzani, ESA Legal Counsel, Head of Legal Department, European Space Agency Headquarters -Presentation (pdf)
  • UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, Dr. Tare Brisibe, Chair UNCOPUOS Legal Subcommittee - Presentation (pdf)

11:00 - 11:20 Break

11:20 - 12:20 Legal Aspects of Organizations with a Space Component

Moderator: Tanja Masson-Zwaan

  • The Group on Earth Observations (GEO), Barb Ryan, Director General, GEO - Presentation (pdf)
  • From Outer Space to Cyberspace: the Evolution of the GEO Datasharing Principles and their Application" Paul F. Uhlir, Director, Board on Research Data and Information, U.S. National Academies, Washington, DC.
  • The International Telecommunication Union, (ITU) Yvon Henri, Chief, Space Services Dept. Radiocommunication Bureau

12:20 - 1:45 Lunch

1:45 -2:45 Restructured Organizations: From the Cold War to the Era of Globalization

Moderator: Tanja Masson-Zwaan

Panelists:

  • INTERSPUTNIK OSC, Elina Morozova, Head of International and Legal Service - Presentation (pdf)
  • INMARSAT, Chris Murphy, Senior Director, Government Affairs - Presentation (pdf)
  • Intelsat General, Richard DalBello, V.P. Legal and Government Affairs - Presentation (pdf)
  • International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO); International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO); and EUTELSAT, Patrick Masambu, ITSO, Deputy Director General and Director/Technical Affairs - Presentation (pdf) | Paper (pdf)

3:45 - 3:00 Break

3:00 - 4:30 Practitioners' Roundtable: Working With and Serving the Day-to-Day Legal Needs of Regional and Global Space Organizations

Moderator: Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz

Panelists:

  • Marco Ferrazzani, ESA Legal Counsel, Head of Legal Department, European Space Agency Headquarters
  • Dr. Tare Brisibe, Chair LSC UNCOPUOS
  • E. Jason Steptoe, Associate General Counsel. International Law Practice Group, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC
  • Stephen E. Smith, Sherman & Howard, Space Law Practice Group Co-Chair

4:30 Adjourn